Nordic Power Market

Outlook 2023 - 2050

Spring 2023, 40th edition

There seems to be a conviction among a great many players that electricity consumption will increase enormously in the coming years, without particularly questioning whether this will be a cost-optimal development. We share the view that consumption will increase a lot, and show that this largely follows from the continuous build-out of new renewable energy that provides sufficiently low power prices to be the main driver of consumption growth.” – Sigbjørn Seland, Chief Analyst

Available from March 21st

Glacier and river

Key discussions for the spring 2023 edition

  • The dramatic energy market events over the last year have long-term consequences.
    Investments in new renewable power generation have generally never looked more profitable than today, and the consequence is record-breaking investments, especially in solar power.

  • We model continued strong growth in renewable power generation for the Nordic power market.
    Onshore wind power is slowing down due to regulatory obstacles and land use conflicts, but investors are eager. Solar power and, in a few years, offshore wind power will take over as growth drivers. The potential for building new renewable production in the Nordics and the Baltics is tremendous and we model that much of the potential will be utilized.

    Consumption growth in the coming years will be reduced due to high power prices, but consumption will increase significantly in the long term. The potential linked to the production of green hydrogen is large, and we model the development of emerging hydrogen production in the Nordics.

  • Electricity consumption has understandably fallen significantly over the past year.
    At the same time, wind and solar power production continue to increase rapidly. The power production surplus in the Nordics records high and will increase further in the coming years as new wind, solar, and nuclear power production increase faster than consumption growth. This naturally leads to expectations of falling power prices in the coming years. We discuss whether and possibly how quickly power prices fall back to the cost of building new production.

    There seems to be a general expectation that power consumption will increase tremendously in the years and decades to come. We problematize this expectation and argue that consumption growth as a function of Power-to-X will largely depend on relatively low electricity prices.

    A key condition in the analysis is what build-out potential it is realistic to assume for new renewable production, given that it is very land-intensive. The overall potential for the development of wind and solar power is believed to be very large and therefore the power price in the long term will largely be determined by the development cost for this potential.

  • Large area price differences have persisted for almost two years now
    We see that the price signal works and that power consumption falls in the high-price areas relative to the low-price areas. There is an increasing willingness to invest in a new production in the high-price areas and a lower interest in the low-price areas. Therefore, the area price differences will gradually become smaller in the next few years but will remain relatively high for another 3-4 years.

  • Hydrogen and other forms of Power-to-X technologies will play an increasingly important role in the power markets, also in the Nordics.
    Power-to-X (mainly green hydrogen) has the potential to equalize the power price level between Nordics and continental Europe in the long term. Other things equal, Power-to-X will gradually lead to decreasing price differences between Nordic and Continental power prices.

  • To achieve carbon neutrality, much higher EUA prices are necessary
    We present our view on the EUA market and an alternative CO2 price better aligned with a climate-neutral Europe by 2050

  • Cost elements for the power system until 2050
    The report describes in detail the various cost elements for the power system until 2050, focusing on the development of Long Run Marginal Costs in renewable power production, energy storage, hydrogen production, and hydrogen-fired power plants.

Available for pre-purchase today.

Key insights

What does the outlook offer?
The long-term report offers four scenarios with an updated base case scenario, using market prices for coal, natural gas, and EUAs, a high and low scenario, as well as our expectation scenario based on our view of long-term EUA prices. The analysis is available as pdf including a spreadsheet with all relevant calculations from the analysis.

What price forecasts are included?
We include price forecasts with an hourly resolution for the Nordic system and all Nordic area prices up to 2050, plus price projections for Germany France, the UK, Netherlands, Poland, Estonia, Russia, Latvia, and Lithuania on an annual resolution.

Does the outlook include annual supply and demand balance?
The Nordic Power Outlook also includes a detailed annual supply and demand balance for all price areas and estimates for SRMC and LRMCs for a large number of production technologies until 2050.

Report content

Spring 2023, 40th edition (2023 - 2050). Scenario-based analysis with updated price prognosis for all Nordic price areas and neighboring countries

The Nordic Power Market Outlook contains 90+ pages of:

  • Four scenarios with an updated base case scenario, using market prices for coal, natural gas, and EUAs

  • High and low scenarios

  • Expectation scenario based on our view of long-term EUA prices

  • And much more

    Release date: March 21st

Chief analyst Sigbjørn Seland holds presentation

Nordic power workshop

StormGeo offers a workshop where pre-agreed topics related to the Nordic power market are presented and discussed. For best use of a workshop we recommend to add the most recent “Nordic Renewables Outlook 2023-2050”. Use this opportunity to enhance your understanding of the market and to challenge us.

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Why not add a long term analysis on Nordic Renewables

StormGeo launches updated long term report on Nordic Renewables until 2050 on March 8th. We highly recommend to include this report as the elcert and power markets are strongly interlinked.